Exercise Can Be a Boon to People With Parkinson’s Disease

Breast Reconstruction

By: Frank J. DellaCroce, MD, Emily T. Wolfe, MD

INTRODUCTION
An estimated 300,000 women are affected by breast cancer every year in the United States, and another 2.6 million are living posttreatment. As diagnostic technology has progressed and the understanding of the disease process has evolved, the number of mastectomies performed in the United States has increased. Breast reconstructive techniques have commensurately become more sophisticated along the same time- line. The result is that those facing mastectomy have the potential to simultaneously retain physical beauty and wholeness. Despite these advances, only 33% of women who are otherwise candidates for immediate reconstruction at the time of mastectomy choose reconstruction. The 2 reasons most attributed to this remarkable statistic are failure of the treatment team to refer the patient to a plastic surgeon at the time of diagnosis/decision for mastectomy and the resultant lack of understanding on the patient’s part regarding her reconstructive options.

Read the entire paper here

New Role Found For The Immune System

It’s a stunning discovery that overturns decades of textbook teaching: researchers at the School of Medicine have determined that the brain is directly connected to the immune system by vessels previously thought not to exist. “I really did not believe there were structures in the body that we were not aware of. I thought the body was mapped,” said Jonathan Kipnis, a professor in the Department of Neuroscience and director of the University’s Center for Brain Immunology and Glia. How these vessels could have escaped detection when the lymphatic system has been so thoroughly mapped throughout the body is surprising on its own.

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A Brief History of AlterG’s NASA Technology – The Early Years

NASABy BRIAN GILLIS | Published: APRIL 22, 2015

First there was space…

This is how to run in space.

This is how you run in space.

In the 1960s, NASA started sending astronauts into space. At first, people spent only a short period of time outside the earth’s gravitational pull.

However, after the International Space Station was introduced, astronauts started extending their stay. The zero gravity environment began causing weight loss, muscle atrophy, and decreased bone density.   NASA was learning that exercising is hard when you can’t keep your feet on the ground!

To solve this problem, Dr. Robert Whalen, a NASA engineer, was tasked with developing a way for astronauts to exercise in space. He came up with a few options for NASA to consider, including a concept with a pressurized bubble that held astronauts down on a treadmill using air-pressure.

Just flip the pump!

All great ideas start in a garage!

While NASA decided to pursue one of Robert’s other ideas, his son Sean took a liking to his father’s concept of an air-pressure controlled treadmill. However, instead of adding gravity to run in space, he wanted to defy gravity to run on earth. By simply flipping the air pump, Sean created the concept for the Anti-Gravity Treadmill. While his father’s treadmill pulled the user onto the treadmill with a pressure-vacuum, Sean’s idea used air pressure to gently life the user off of the treadmill!

Sean and his father decided to make this idea a reality and went to work in their family’s garage in Palo Alto to develop the technology for what would become the AlterG Anti-Gravity Treadmill. After many months of trial and error, Sean created the first working prototype in 2005.

Time to bring in the professionals

Alberto Salazar was the first to adopt AlterG technology with his Olympic athletes

Before the first prototype was even finished, Alberto Salazar (an Olympic runner and coach of the best runners in the world) heard about the technology and wanted to help develop it for his athletes to use. He saw the ability to unweight a runner and reduce the impact of training as an invaluable tool for any competitive long distance runner.

Alberto Salazar began using the prototype with his athletes, including 10,000m Olympic silver medalist Galen Rupp (see picture). After Salazar and his athletes got on board, local Bay Area teams like the Oakland Raiders and Golden State Warriors started using the prototype in their training rooms.

AlterG becomes AlterG

In 2007, AlterG sold its first commercial unit to the Washington Wizards. Soon after, other NBA, NFL, and universities started defying gravity, too.

While today’s Anti-Gravity Treadmills look different than the prototype, the concept behind the magic remains the same. By creating a pressurized lifting force around the lower half of the body, the “differential air pressure” can be controlled to produce a variable lifting force for someone to walk, run, and exercise with reduced and adjustable impact.

Astym therapy improves function and range of motion following mastectomy

This article was published by the following Dove Press Journal:

Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy

8 March 20016

Authors:

  • Claire C Davies
  • Dorothy Brockopp
  • Krista Moe

Abstract: Hypersensitive scar tissue formation along the incision line and drain site is a common side effect following mastectomy. If this scar tissue is not addressed, it can lead to decreased flexibility and function in the involved upper quadrant. Astym® treatment is a new approach to soft tissue injuries, and is evidenced in animal studies to promote the healing and regeneration of soft tissues. It has also been found to reduce pain and increase function in people with soft tissue dysfunction. The aim of Astym treatment is to engage the regenerative mechanisms of the body in order to resorb scar tissue, stimulate tissue turnover, and regenerate soft tissues. Handheld instrumentation is applied topically to locate and treat the underlying dysfunctional soft tissue through specific protocols for the application of particular pressures and shear forces. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Astym treatment on activities of daily living in women who had undergone a mastectomy following a diagnosis of breast cancer. A quasi-experiment involving 40 women, following a mastectomy, evaluated five outcome measures pre- and post-Astym treatment. All five measurement scores: Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Outcome Measure; a clothing questionnaire on their ability to wear a bra; Patient-Specific Functional Scale; active range of motion of shoulder flexion; and active range of motion of abduction were also measured and all demonstrated significant changes. In this study, Astym treatment improved active range of motion in the involved quadrant and also improved function in patients following a mastectomy.

Read the full article

Post-Mastectomy Physical Therapy ‘Widely Improves’ Quality of Life

The American Physical Therapy Association’s PT in Motion reports that Postoperative physical therapy that begins as early as 2 days after surgery significantly improves joint mobility and “widely improves the quality of life” for women who underwent mastectomies, according to a new study.

Read the full article here: http://www.apta.org/PTinMotion/NewsNow/2014/2/18/PTAfterMastectomy/

A PILOT STUDY COMPARING TWO MANUAL THERAPY INTERVENTIONS FOR CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy of manual therapy interventions for relieving the signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) by comparing 2 forms of manual therapy techniques: Graston Instrument–assisted soft tissue mobilization (GISTM) and soft tissue mobilization administered with the clinician hands.

Read the full article here: Burke et al-2007-J Manipulative Physiol Ther

Utilization of an Anti-Gravity Treadmill in a Physical Activity Program with Female Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Study

The Ohio State University, Department of Kinesiology. 2 School of Health and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, 3Western Kentucky University, School of Kinesiology, Recreation, & Sport

Breast Cancer survivors can experience a myriad of physical and psychological benefits as a result of regular exercise

ABSTRACT

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(1): 101- 109, 2016. Breast Cancer survivors

can experience a myriad of physical and psychological benefits as a result of regular exercise. This

study aimed to build on previous research using lower impact exercise programs by using an anti-
gravity (Alter-G®) treadmill to administer cardiovascular training. The purpose of this study was

to determine the effectiveness a physical activity program, including an Alter-G® treadmill, for

improving physiological and psychosocial measures in female breast cancer survivors. A 14-week

intervention using an AB-AB study design was employed. Six female breast cancer survivors were

recruited to participate in the study. Participants attended three 60-minute sessions per week,

consisting of a combination of muscular strength/endurance, and cardiovascular endurance

exercises. Consistent with current literature and guidelines, exercise interventions were

individualized and tailored to suit individuals. Data was collected and analyzed in 2013. Visual

inspection of results found improvements in cardiovascular endurance and measures of body

composition. Quality of life was maintained and in some cases, improved. Finally, no adverse

effects were reported from the participants, and adherence to the program for those who completed

the study was 97%. The results of this study suggest that the use of a physical activity program in

combination with an Alter-G® treadmill may provide practical and meaningful improvements in

measures of cardiovascular endurance and body composition.

Read the full report: Pilot Study

The use of Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (ASTYM®) as a Conservative Treatment for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome.

Abstract:
Soft tissue mobilization can normalize the altered tensile loads and biomechanical dysfunction associated with patellofemoral pain syndrome by promoting proper tracking of the patella within the trochlear groove. Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (ASTYM®) is a form of instrument-assisted soft-tissue mobilization that promotes the remodeling of soft tissue through controlled tissue damage to promote tissue healing, release adhesions, and improve tissue extensibility.

Read the full report by Joe Johnson, SPT: ATYM PFPS